My fiance's dog Lola and my
cat Nicky will be living together soon. Lola's scared of the kitty,
and while they don't need to be best friends, they do need to
tolerate living in the same space as one another since neither is
going to be finding a new home. I've begun the process of rehabbing
their relationship, and I'm bringing you all along for the ride.
As the title implies, the
very first step in behavior modification is management. Management
is all the stuff we do to prevent a dog from doing things we don't
like. In Lola's case, I don't want her fixating on and barking at my
cat. There are three reasons management is so important that it's the
first thing I'm discussing.
The first, and most
important reason, is safety.
As much as we don't want to believe that our beloved pups could hurt
another animal, the truth is that the vast majority of the time, the
dogs in our lives are stronger than the cats. Something as simple as
over-zealous play could have fatal consequences. But even when your
pets are similar in size, kitties with claws can be mighty nasty...
and cat bites are nasty cesspools of germs.
we want to prevent rehearsal.
You know that saying, “Practice makes perfect”? Yeah, it's just
as true for dogs as it is for humans... and it includes both
desirable and undesirable behaviors. You don't want your dog to get
better at chasing your cat, and I don't want Lola to develop a habit
of barking at my kitty. Worse, by allowing your dog to continually
harass your cat (and vice versa, because let's be honest, cats can be
big jerks sometimes), you will undo all that hard work you're going
to be doing.
Finally, management allows
us to keep the dog under threshold. Keeping a dog under threshold keeps him in his rational, thinking
mind and prevents him from going off in an overly-emotional,
overreacting, irrational state. You can't train a dog who can't
learn, so we need to keep him under threshold.
So, how does one effectively
manage a dog/cat relationship? Well, as so much in dog training, it
depends. It depends on what your dog is doing, how severe it is, how
the cat is reacting, and what your living situation is. The bottom
line is that until your dog and cat are completely comfortable
together, you must either be actively working to improve their
relationship, or you must be preventing them from interacting. And
don't fool yourself: some dog/cat pairs may require management for
their entire lives. (Dear
g-d, I hope that's not Lola and Nicky.)
are some management ideas. They may not all work for your given
situation, and I may not have listed every possible solution, but it
should be a good start.
are a time-honored way of keeping dogs out of trouble, and they are
definitely one method of management I've been using with Lola. The
downside of crates is that while they restrict the dog's movement,
they do nothing to stop the cat from coming right up to the bars and
taunting the dog. While everyone is safe, this doesn't prevent the
dog from practicing some undesirable behaviors or from going over
can be useful... depending on your cat. Since they can be pretty
agile, it's often no big deal for kitties to go right over a gate.
For that matter, there is no baby gate that my dog Pyg hasn't
defeated. Bottom line, I would not depend on baby gates to be the
sole form of management.
than gates are closed
our furry friends do not have opposable thumbs, most of the time a
nice closed door is the best way to keep dogs and cats apart. Just
make those doors are firmly latched!
can be used, either as a tie down to a heavy piece of furniture, or
as an umbilical to a person... but only when you're present. I would
honestly not trust a leash alone to protect everyone. Slipped
collars, chewed leashes, and stronger-than-expected dogs all leave
this as less-than-ideal when it comes to unattended pets.
this post has given you some ideas... and if so, I'd love to hear
them. There are some truly brilliant minds reading my blog, and we
all learn when you share!
And Lola hates Nicky. Well, "hates" might be too strong of a word, but she is definitely not a fan. In fact, she finds the kitty to be downright scary. In true Basset fashion, Lola expresses herself by barking. A lot. And loudly. Not only does she bark constantly, she's decided the best way to do so is by getting thisclosetohisface. Nicky, unsurprisingly, finds this annoying and retaliates by swatting her with his fully-clawed paws. Which just makes her bark some more.
Oh, and did I mention that Nicky and Lola will be living together soon? Yeah. Clearly, something needs to be done here. Luckily, I've done tons of work helping dogs overcome fear in the last five or six years, so I'm up for the task.
I have a three-pronged plan in mind:
1. Management (click here for a somewhat-related post on management)
2. Classical Counter Conditioning (click here if you need a refresher on counter conditioning)
3. Teaching Operant Behaviors (click here to find out why)
My plan is to write one post for each of these prongs, as well as our progress along the way. If you have a dog/cat relationship that needs help, please let me know what kind of problems you're running into and I'll try to include information to address those concerns!
In September 2013, Maisy became suddenly and critically ill. Our blog readers rallied around us, providing us with the emotional and financial support needed to get through a very stressful time. Although I will never be able to pay you all back, I can pay it forward through Project Gratitude. Please email me at reactivechampion (at) gmail (dot) com if you have an individual or cause that you would like me to consider donating to.
This month, I'm a day late and a dollar short... or rather, several days late, as 6 days into the new month, I'm just now posting about last month. The dollar short is also literal, as I couldn't donate to project gratitude until I got paid today. Ah, well. It's not like there are really any rules... So this/last month, I donated to Trout the Dog. Trout has been sick for awhile now with weird and mysterious ailments. Her owner (and my best friend and also an awesome blogger in her own right) Sara has had Trout into the vet and a specialist a number of times... and everything so far has been inconclusive. They are waiting on one blood test to come back, so fingers crossed we get an answer! Now, Sara is the most financially responsible person I know. She is the master of thrift, incredibly disciplined, and plans for emergencies by having a good savings account. Unfortunately, most of that was eaten up by her dog Dobby, who suffered from seizures and ultimately was put to sleep. Sara's done her best, but Trout's care has now exceeded what she had on hand, and to be honest, I'm not quite sure how she's afforded everything thus far. One thing is clear though: Sara needs help in order to help Trout. Please, would you consider helping out?